About Pure Maple Syrup 

Where it is Made

How it's Made

Nutritional and Health Information

Grading and Quality

Certified Organic Maple Syrup

Where it is Made

It is only made in Eastern Canada and North-eastern USA from the sap of sugar maple, black maple and sometimes red maple trees.  The Canadian Provinces of Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and P.E.I. account for 80% of the World's production.  The north-eastern United States (Vermont, New York, Maine, Wisconsin, Ohio, New Hampshire, Michigan, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Minnesota) make up the rest of production.

How it's Made

As spring approaches, sugar makers take to the maple forests (sugar bushes) to tap the maple trees. A drill is used to make a small hole in the tree- from which the tree sap flows on warm spring days that follow freezing nights.  Ideal weather for sap production is +4 to +8 degrees in the day and below freezing at night.  The most modern and widely used method of collecting maple sap is plastic pipeline. The use of pipeline allows sugar makers to tap more trees with less labour as compared to collecting sap with buckets.  

At the sugar camp, the maple sap is boiled in an evaporator .  Water is boiled out of the sap to concentrate the natural sugars in it to produce maple syrup.  The steam from the water being boiled away from the sap fills the sugar camp with a warm sweet maple aroma.  After boiling for some time, the sap thickens to a darker, sweeter maple syrup.  A dipper is still used along with other instruments to measure the sweetness of the sap (density) to know when the boiling process is finished.  At a 66 percent sugar content the maple syrup is ready to be drawn off and filtered .  The pure maple syrup is then packaged into containers to be sold, made into maple sugar candy, maple cream, or maple taffy-on-snow. (more info on maple production at Wheelers)

Visit the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture and Food Site for more info:

The Canadian Encyclopedia: 

Nutritional and Health Information

Pure maple syrup is a unique and natural product. It is produced strictly by the concentration of sap from the maple tree and contains no additives or preservatives. Pure maple syrup contains a variety of minerals that promote good health, including calcium, magnesium and manganese as well as cancer fighting antioxidants. Maple syrup has been found to have anti-cancer, anti-bacterial, and anti-diabetic properties. 


Beneficial compounds in pure maple syrup- University of Rhode Island

Health Benefits and Nutritional Profile- The World’s Healthiest Foods

Information about nutrition and antioxidants Quebec Federation of Maple Syrup Producers

Nutritional value comparisons - Citadelle Maple Co-op

Pure maple syrup nutrition

The Master Cleanse Diet or

Grading and Quality

Maple Syrup grading is based on colour and flavour.  Many factors determine the colour and flavour of Pure Maple Syrup.  They include outside temperature, cleanliness of the equipment, and how long it takes for the sap to be made into maple syrup.  The warmer the raw sap is, and the longer it sits, the darker the syrup and stronger the flavour.  All maple syrup is the same thickness (density).

There are five grades of Maple Syrup
Canada #1 Extra Light Lightest in colour, true delicate maple flavour.
Canada #1 Light Darker in colour, distinct maple flavour
Canada #1 Medium Even darker colour, slightly robust maple flavour
Canada #2 Amber Very strong caramel-like maple flavour, good for cooking.
Canada #3 Dark Very dark, very strong caramel-like flavour, commercial use only.

Certified Organic Pure Maple Syrup

At Wheelers we have always striven to make the purest and best tasting maple syrup in a way that protects and preserves our maple forest for many generations to come. It is our privilege to be able to harvest the sweet maple sap from the sugar maple trees every spring and craft it into Canadas’ most iconic food. Our maple trees, some of which have been living for more than 300 years, are our livelihood.

In recognition of our commitment to our product and our environment it seemed a natural step to obtain Organic Certification. 3rd party inspections are the strongest aspect of organic certification. Ecocert Canada carries out regular inspections of our forest and sugar camp to verify compliance with the Canada Organic Standard for Maple.

One would assume that maple syrup is a naturally organic product but production practices vary widely among producers. Organic Certification verifies that producers follow standards set out for their maple forest and production practices.

Organic Standards cover:

  • Forest biodiversity, protection of habitat, and wetlands

  • Appropriate tapping practices (diameter of trees, number of taps, depth of holes)

  • Prohibition of pesticides, fertilizers, GMO’s, and irradiation

  • Use of food grade plastic or stainless steel on all surfaces exposed to sap or syrup

  • Guidelines for washing and rinsing evaporators, sap lines, and reverse osmosis machines

  • Products allowed for cleaning and sanitization of equipment and sap lines

  • Production and traceability records



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